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Gynecomastia: Causes, Procedure, and Recovery

Gynecomastia refers to the enlarged breasts men or boys might experience during puberty, aging, by taking certain medications, or for other unspecified reasons. The breast gland tissues increase in one or both breasts as a result of an imbalance of testosterone and estrogen. Health conditions that affect the natural balance of hormones may also cause gynecomastia. It is reported that recreational drugs and alcohol can also contribute to gynecomastia. If you are experiencing gynecomastia or pseudo gynecomastia which is an increase in fat in the breast – contact your physician and explore the different options you have!

Some patients might go the surgery route if they would like dramatic results and their enlarged breasts have not responded to lifestyle changes and medications. Gynecomastia surgery or a male breast reduction includes the removal of glandular tissue and excess fat. This procedure will give the area flatter and contoured shape. Many men report feeling much more confident after seeing the results of this procedure. A gynecomastia surgery with liposuction typically involves the usage of local or general anesthesia. The procedure is done tailored to your needs and the technique of your surgeon. Small incisions might be placed along both sides of the chest, the areola, or near the armpit.

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The recovery is reported to be quite minimal. While strenuous activity is forbidden in the first 3 weeks, after the first week most patients can resume daily activities. Compression garments are recommended for usage after the surgery. The compression garments will help support your tissues as they are healing but they will also assist in flattening the area and minimizing swelling.

Every patient will recover differently. Some additional side effects might include but are not limited to;

  • Temporary numbness and tingling lasting a couple of months after the procedure

  • Prolonged inflammation

  • Aggressive scar tissue, fibrosis, and seromas

If you are experiencing Gynecomastia and would like to get surgery, contact your primary physician on the best treatment for you!

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